You may be teaching, but do your students learn?
A teacher’s role is to help students attained the learning goals which may be exhibited in the form of competency in skills acquisition, understanding of concepts and principles and internalized the core values.
Bransford et al had pointed out that in order for the student to develop competency in an area of inquiry, students must:
(a) have a deep foundation of factual knowledge,
(b) understand facts and ideas in the context of a conceptual framework, and
(c) organize knowledge in ways that facilitate retrieval and application.
Besides, it had been a generally accepted view that in order to enhance the learning and transfer of skills, it is advisable for the teachers to device learning experience that allow the students to learn with understanding. Teachers need to take into account the students’ pre-existing knowledge for it will influence the learners’ perception, interpretation and organization of new knowledge. They had strongly recommended that engaging students in active learning.
They have also stressed on the importance of adopting a “metacognitive” approach that can help students learn to take control of their own learning by defining learning goals and monitoring their progress in achieving them. The students will be able to make sense of what had been learned, carry out self-assessment, and reflection on what they have done. Such practice are found to have improved learning and enhanced the transfer of skills (Palincsar and Brown, 1984; Scardamalia et al., 1984; Schoenfeld, 1983, 1985, 1991).