Learning Theories – Overview

There are many learning theories that we adopt when we head for instructional design, namely Behaviourism, Cognitivism, Constructionism, Humanaism, etc.

Different schools of thought view the nature of human nature (attitude, aptitude, thinking and behavioral patterns) in different perspective and hence had propose different ways of guiding the learner to learn or to modify their behaviors. There are support and critics for each school of thoughts and no final say which one is the most superior.

Since our learners have varied aptitudes, competency level and preferred learning styles, we may adopt an eclectic approach to adopt and modified the suggestion of each theory to suite the need of our target audience.

We are also considering Connectivism, even though it is still a hypothesis which is yet to be proven can withstand the test of time. This is because it is a a trend that is trying to explain how the youths in this interconnected society are learning today!

Here, we shall take a look at :

  • Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory
  • Mayer and Moreno’s Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML), etc.


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